Wind and Pressure Practice Name ____________________________________
Identify the global wind belts and calm areas in the figure on the right.
If the statement is true, write true. If it is false, change the underlined word or words
to make the statement true.
____________________ 6. A wind is a horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
____________________ 7. Wind speed is measured with a(n) wind vane.
____________________ 8. Local winds are winds that blow over short distances.
____________________ 9. The flow of air from an ocean or lake to the land is called a land breeze.
____________________ 10. The flow of air from land to a body of water is called a sea breeze.
____________________ 12. Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances are called doldrums.
____________________ 13. The way Earth’s rotation makes winds curve is called the prevailing westerlies.
____________________ 14. Bands of high-speed winds about 10 kilometers above Earth’s surface are called polar easterlies.
Match each term with its definition by writing the letter of the correct definition on the line beside the term.
_____ 15. air pressure
_____ 16. altitude
_____ 17. aneroid barometer
_____ 20. barometer
_____ 21. density
_____ 22. mercury barometer
_____ 23. pressure
a. the amount of mass in a unit volume of a substance
b. force per unit area
c. the result of the weight of a column of air pushing down on an area
d. any instrument that measures changes in air pressure
e. instrument that measures changes in air pressure using liquid mercury
f. the distance above sea level
g. instrument that measures changes in air pressure without using a liquid