ES Chapter 10 Review and Reinforcement              Name ____________________________________

 

Key Concepts: As the rocks of the crust undergo stress, they slowly change shape and volume.  They also move up or down or sideways.

 

Write the correct term in the space provided.

1. _________________ pushes and pulls on the Earth’s crust.

2. The outermost layer, or surface, of the Earth is called the _________________.

3. The breaking, tilting, and folding of rocks is called _________________.

4. _________________ is stress that squeezes the rocks of the crust.

5. _________________ is stress that pulls on rocks of the crust.

6 _________________ pushes rocks of the crust in two opposite horizontal directions.

7. A crack in rock is called a (an) _________________.

8. A break or crack along which rocks move is called a (an) _________________.

9. The block of rock above a fault is called the _________________.

10. The block of rock below a fault is called the _________________.

11. In a (an) _________________ , the hanging wall moves down relative to the foot wall.

12. In a (an) _________________ , the hanging wall moves up relative to the foot wall.

13. In a (an) _________________ , the hanging wall slides over the foot wall.

14. In a (an) _________________ , blocks of rock slide horizontally past each other.

15. Mountains formed by blocks of rocs uplifted by normal faults are called _________________.

16. A (An) _________________ forms when the block of land between two normal faults slides downward.

17. A bend in a rock is called a (an) _________________.

18. An upward fold in a rock is called a (an) _________________.

19. A downward fold in a rock is called a (an) _________________.

20. A (An) _________________ is a large area of flat land that is raised high above sea level.

21. A rounded hill pushed up by rising magma is called a (an) _________________.