Reading questions 10‑1                                                    Name ________________________________

Pages 327‑334 The Earth’s Changing Surface

 

  1. What causes stress in the Earth?
  2. What are the two major types of crust?
  3. What happens to rocks when they are put under stress?
  4. What is deformation?
  5. What is compression?
  6. What happens to rocks under compression?
  7. What is tension?
  8. What happens to rocks under tension?
  9. What is shearing?
  10. What happens to rocks under shearing?
  11. What is a fracture?
  12. What is the difference between a hanging wall and a foot wall?
  13. How is a normal fault different than a reverse fault?
  14. What happens to rocks in a thrust fault?
  15. What is a lateral fault?
  16. What are fault-block mountains?
  17. What causes a rift valley?

Reading questions 10‑2                                                    Name ________________________________

Pages 335‑340 Folding and the Floating Crust

 

  1. What is folding?
  2. What is the difference between a syncline and an anticline?
  3. What is shown in the picture in Figure 10-10?
  4. How does temperature effect whether rocks will fault or fold?
  5. How does pressure effect whether rocks will fault or fold?
  6. How does the type of rock effect whether rocks will fault or fold?
  7. How does the application of stress effect whether rocks will fault or fold?
  8. What is a plateau?
  9. How would you recognize a plateau?
  10. In what three ways can plateaus be formed?
  11. How do rivers change plateaus?
  12. How do domes form?
  13. What do domes look like?
  14. What is the mantle?
  15. Why does the crust float on the mantle?
  16. What is isostasy?
  17. Using Figure 10-14 explain how an icecap changes the crust?
  18. What happens when those icecaps melt?
  19. How is the Gulf of Mexico sinking?